All stock and valuation tables in SAP have as well history tables since release All those tables have the same name as the standard tables, but with a H at the end. This was implemented to speed up the period closing. But how these tables are updated is for many users cumbersome, they expect to see a record for each month in those history tables, but SAP does it differently.
The History tables are updated with first movement after a period closure. If there is no movement for several months, then you will not see any history record for all those months that have past. SAP writes only a history jet ski graphics for the month preceding a change in stock or value.
Here we see 8 history records for the valuation data MBEW of one material in one plant, created over a time span of 5 years:. And as proof a screen shot from MB51 Material Document list for the same material and plant:.
You can see that the 2013 chevy equinox fuel pump fuse location full movement to this material happened on May 22, This event triggered the creation of the history record for period The history record tells you that the stock and value for this material was zero at the end of April The next month with movements was Decemberwhich caused a history record for November The movement from April 8, triggered the creation of 2 history records: for periodand because there was a year change in between a record for period 12 Finally we have movements in Mayand the first movement caused the creation of year end records of and and for the previous month 04 If you need to develop own ABAP reports with month end stock then you have to make use of function modules that understand this complex logic.
To retrieve previous period data for all materials in valuation area ZRAG the coding should be like that. Thanks, that is my aim: to explain complex things in a way that it can be understood by everyone. I do not like the doctor language of explaining things extra complicated to preserve the status of a special breed. Excellent collection of tables, Good information thanks! I have one thing to ask what yo mean by receipt of 2 is not to stockit is receipt to a PO with Account assignment.
What is the difference between them. Is there any option programmatically to read these stocks?
V_CF_MCHB SAP Generated Table for View View and data
Do you not consider function modules as programs?For most situations, a quick stock overview is sufficient, but many times you need to get a closer look at inventory through queries or custom reports. Here are the tables you need to know about. Any screenshots below are going to be from transaction SE16N, my go-to transaction for quick table queries. Table MARD is probably one of the more useful ones.
It contains all of the basic inventory levels for each material on the plant and storage location level. Use the records that are most appropriate for your needs. In most cases, it will be the first set of current-period numbers. The values in this table further define the values in table MARD.
All of the other stock types in MARD are also included in this table along with prior-period values. Table MSKU contains inventory levels for owned material at a customer site. The two main stock types contained in this table are Unrestricted and Quality Inspection stock. As with the other tables, prior-period values are also included in this table.
Unlike some other special stock types. Table MKOL stores vendor-owned materials. There are two main scenarios that utilize this table. The first, and probably most common, is Vendor Consignment. The other scenario is for the management of Returnable Packaging owned by your vendor. I hope this article sheds a little light on how SAP stores the various types of inventory.
If you know of another useful inventory-related tables, please drop a note in the comments. Like this content? You may also like What say you?
Select Single is a statement which is used to read single data from a database table. The below is the example code for reading single record from MARA table. BY using Select Up To query we will get the specific no of records from a data base table, it will get records from starting begining. What is this above portion called and whats the need for declaring types and data. Can anyone explain me this part. Hi Good examples. Please provide the difference between order by and sort keywords. Because you have mentioned, order by decreases performance and I would like to know why.
Regards, Chitra. Thank you so much for your kind information sharing with us its very useful stuff.
I have tired, but can't. Thanks for you help. All FAQ. Login Register. Note: When ever we use select single, we must pass key field in where condition. Reply Report. Your Name:. Your Email :. Comment Text : Enter Comment Text. Enter Text on Image. Submit Comment.For many a production process it is not enough to conduct an analysis just at material level.
Instead you have to look at single batches of a material. Typical questions in this context concern batch attributes like production date or shelf expiration date, whether or not valuated unrestricted use stock, and what is the stock situation. A requirement is the labeling "Subject to batch management" for the particular material:.
Maternal and Child Health Bureau
But if the valuation procedure calls for single batch valuation defined at plant levellabeling is automatic. Whether or not material stock is available also affects alterability: This is not possible if stock is available in the current period or preceding period. The next steps depend on whether you are interested in general attributes of batches, or attention is also drawn to batch stock. Shelf expiration date, for instance, is a general attribute of a batch.
The top part of the screen shows the material number and organizational units that must be stated. Extra to the number of the actual material, the batch number must be entered as well as the plant. Then you see a listing of the individual stock of this batch:. SAP will then display all batches which are assigned to that storage location including the quantity in stock.
For any comments on this article, feel free to write us at info dab-gmbh. DAB: network. Author: Stefan Wenig connect on xing connect on LinkedIn. Blog overview. Figure 1 — Labeling of a material as "Subject to batch management".
The values of such an entry refer to the end of the period. For the current period, there are no entries in the history tables. An entry is not written in this history table for every period. If stock-relevant or valuation-relevant data change, the system might generate an entry in the history table. The period is only transferred to the new period during the first movement.
At the same time, the relevant history entries are also generated. Example: Material has a stock of 10 pieces at the end of period 01 In period 02, a goods receipt of 5 pieces occurs. Now, an entry is added in the history table for period 01 with a stock of 10 pieces.
In period 02, an additional goods receipt occurs with 2 pieces. The history table is not affected by this operation since an entry already exists for period The current stock is increased to 17 pieces. In period 04, a goods issue of 4 pieces occurs. Now, the system adds an entry for period 03 with a stock of 17 pieces in the history table. Since no goods movement has occurred in period 03, there is no entry for period 02 in the history table.
The stock in the stock table describes the situation since the last goods movement which changed this segment. Since the 2nd rule can be used recursively, under consideration of the two above rules the values can be determined for any periods of that period in which Release 4. Please note: Since the history tables are not created retroactively, the history entries only exist in their completed form from the time from which users work with the new period closing program.
For technical reasons it is possible that there are also entries in the history tables with an older period. Nevertheless, these entries are not available without gaps for all stocks.
These function modules are used in the standard SAP programs in order to determine the values of the previous period and to extend tables with the reference structure MBEW, MARD and so on correspondingly. This then returns the data as though no change had taken place in the previous logic.
You can then remove the prior-period values from the known fields. The error occurs by new data design of the stock data and the valuation data in the material, batch and special stock tables.
Register Login. Recommended Posts:.Batch Master. Batch Definition. Batch management indicator:. Batch process:. Batch Level. FAQ during batch level conversion. Batch Number Assignment.
Creating Batch:. Batch Classification. Characteristic Types in Batch Classification:. One batch class per material notebut batch classification can be assigned to multiple objects check transaction O1CL.
Batch classification can be maintained in batch master transactions, and in several applications goods movements, orders, process messages Update standard Features: BMSM Classifying batch during goods movement: OMJJ. Tables: Do you know the links among tables in Classification and Variant Configuration?
User Exits to fill free characteristics:. Batch Archive. S ARA:. Pay attention on the indicator:. Batch Status Management. Batch Determination. Batch Search Strategy Customizing. Five Scenarios.
Five scenarios have similar steps to define the batch search strategy. Selection Class. With the help of these selection classes, you define according to which criteria, that is, using which characteristics, batches are to be selected. With the help of sort rules, you define according to which criteria, that is using which characteristics batches are to be sorted.
When the batch determination should be done in production process. Batch determination is used for goods issues and stock transfers in SAP warehouse management systems.
Batch Determination Analysis. Batch Information Cockpit. Transaction BMBC functions as single point of entry for batch information and comprises several transactions:. Selection Result. Selection Results : Batches. Here, the main focus is on the selected batches. The batches are displayed in accordance with the batch definition level. Selection Results : Stock. Nmber of batches 50 but only 20 displayed. In the selection result of the Batch Information Cockpit you can display in all 50 characteristics, but it is limited to 20 for character types, 20 for numeric types and 10 for date and time types.It happens because internal table XFS is the one that stores the execution sequence.
The program flow inside the forms is much more complex, but you can see which part is having problem base on the content in the returned internal table. After that you can check the settings and data foreground to find out where the problem is without debugging deeply to analysis the program flow. The first routine executed is to select the batches. It will select all batches available, it does not consider the batch stock but select all available batches according to the restrictions imposed by the business sales order, process order, goods issue, etc.
This is the reason why we always recommend executing the archiving of the MCHB old records. It will improve the performance significantly. So, it is very important to classify the batches many users forgot to do it. In the following screen, you can see the source code where both can be chosen.SAP ABAP Table control using wizard, adding new field in table control
If the Availability check is active, it will restrict the batches according to its customizing. If the function is executed, it means that availability check is active. We can check the result in internal table XATPCS, which stores the available quantity calculated inside of availability check.
It can also be checked in transaction CO This internal table is the one that will contain the final result of the batch selection. It will not contain the batches sorted yet. Keep in mind that this document covers the most common batch determination scenarios, there are specific scenarios, for example, in Warehouse Management which uses specific routines and restrictions that are not covered by this document.
If the returned content in internal table 'xbdbatch' is correct, then it means the batch determination has been carried out successfully without problem, the problem should happen in the follow up process.
Product Lifecycle Management. Browse pages. A t tachments 5 Page History.
Different Select Statements in SAP ABAP
Jira links. Purpose Get to know the detail analysis process of batch determination program. No labels. Powered by Atlassian Confluence 6.